People pedal powered computer charger

Technique de avatarVélo M² | Catégories : Énergie

The people pedal powered computer charger is a device that harvests human energy to charge a computer. The energy input comes from an ordinary bicycle in a stand that drives a generator. The energy output is the charging voltage of the computer.

Licence : Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)

Introduction

The project Vélo M2 plays with PPP (people pedal power) applications. In Brussels we're having PPP open-air cinéma projections, PPP mobile fablab workshops and PPP music scenes and DJ sets. www.velom2.be www.velom2.be

This projects takes people pedal power to a smaller scale, where we will be charging a computer. In order to demonstrate the accessibility, we're construction the device in a remote town in Sweden, Torsby.

Matériaux

- bicycle stand

- wood

- DC generator

- power display

- DC/DC converter

- cables, connectors and plugs

(see below in the instructions to learn more about the material)

Outils

- wood or metalworking tools

- soldering material

- multimeter

Étape 1 - People Pedal Power

People pedal power is a form of renewable energy. One human can produce around 75W electric power sustained for about 15min, or 50W during a longer period. This is enough power to be able to charge an average laptop. This energy can be harvested on a PPP device.

To find out more about People Pedal Power, visit our site https://ciklic.wordpress.com/2017/08/05/renewable-energy-what-can-you-expect/



Étape 2 - Overview

The PPP charging device gives an alternative for charging your computer. You will be pedaling on your ordinary bicycle while on a bike stand. The bike stand has a generator that is turned by the bicycle wheel by a roller. The power coming from the generator is converted to the DC voltage your computer needs to charge. We are adding a display in between to monitor the production.

Étape 3 - Charging : adapting to the computer voltage

The aim of the people pedal power is to charge a computer. A computer battery is normally charges by an adapter that converts AC mains power to DC power. This charger will be only for YOUR computer.

Material :

- touch-safe connectors with locking

female http://se.rs-online.com/web/p/xlr-connectors/0405590/

male http://se.rs-online.com/web/p/xlr-connectors/0405607/

Instructions :

- we want to charge with the same power as the adapter does.

Check the voltage and the current at which the adapter charges your computer. Mine charges at 20V and 4.5A.

- you will be cutting your power cable.

The PPP device will charge your computer in stead of the adapter. Cut the cable in between the adapter and the computer plug. Solder/screw the new plugs to the cut wires. Female to the adapter side, male to the computer plug side.

You can also chose to buy a new computer plug separately and assemble a new cable for the PPP device.

Étape 4 - Conversion : messy DC power to flat DC voltage

The power that will be generated is a messy DC voltage. We want to flatten this out to the charging voltage of your computer.

Material :

- DC/DC converter

Input : min computer voltage (20V) to min 40V

Output : min computer voltage (20V)

Current : min computer current (4.5V)

https://www.benl.ebay.be/itm/8A-DC-DC-BUCK-CONVERTER-STEP-DOWN-8-40V-TO-1-25-36V-WITH-CURRENT-CONTROL-XL4016-/181653531755?

Instructions :

- solder the converter into the circuit.

Screw the output to a pair of cables that is convenient for you, say 1m of 1.5mm2. Solder/screw the same female plug as above to the other end of the cable. This is the point where you can connect your computer plug.

Screw the input to a pair of cables, again 1m of 1.5mm2. This is the point where the display will be connected.

- protect the converter.

You may want to protect the converter ant put it in a box of a non-conducting material.


Étape 5 - Energy monitoring

We will be monitoring the power and energy production of the device.

Material :

- power display

https://www.benl.ebay.be/itm/SIMPLE-DC-POWER-ANALYSER-WATT-VOLT-AMP-METER-12V-24V-SOLAR-WIND-ANALYZER-AMMETER-/171527746839?

Instructions :

- connect the display to the converter.

Solder/screw the display to the cable end of the input of the converter. You can choose the connector type. (For some inspiration in Dutch)

- don't overcharge your computer.

When you are approaching 100% charge you should be extremely careful to not put too much power. The current must AT ALL TIMES stay lower than the current indicated on your adapter.

- don't blow up the converter.

Again when you approach full charge be careful to not put too much power. The voltage should AT ALL TIMES stay lower than the 40V that is indicated on the converter.


Étape 6 - Generator : mechanical to electric energy

The generator is in converting the movement of rotation to electricity.

Material :

- DC generator / electrical scooter

Voltage : 24V or 36V

Power : 100-250W

https://www.ebay.com/itm/ZY-MY-1016-Electric-Motor-DC-36v-250w-Brushed-E-Bike-Scooter-36-Volt-250-Watt-/162623837901

You can find any electric motor with the same specifications to do the job. The motor drives a scooter when powered. When used the other way round it generates electricity when turned at a high speed.

Instructions :

- wire up the generator to the circuit.

Solder/screw the generator to a pair of cables, 2m 1.5mm2. Solder/screw the cable end to the display. You can choose to use the same plugs as before to be able to disconnect the bicycle stand from the electronics. Female to the generator side, male to the display side.


Étape 7 - Roller : slow- to fast-rotation mechanical energy

The roller is converting the slow-turning mechanical energy of the bicycle wheel to a fast-turning mechanical energy. Electric generators like high speeds.

Material :

- steel bar of 40mm diameter

Instructions :

- find a metal joiner or a lathe to make the piece.

Make the metal piece based on the plan. We found that a roller diameter of 40mm gives good results. The center hole should be the same diameter as the axle of the generator.

- fixate the roller on the generator.

Gently hit the roller on the axle of the generator and fixate the roller with a M4 screw. If the roller doesn't fit you can heat the piece.

- verify the regular turning of the roller.

Verify if the roller is centered and is turning regular. This is to avoid vibrations an wear of the bicycle.


Étape 8 - Bicycle stand : dynamic energy to static energy

The bicycle stand is rather critical. It carries your bike while it drives the generator. In stead of putting your energy in transporting yourself, you are putting energy in the generation of electricity.

Material :

- bicycle stand

Tightening screws that fit your bike axle.

A roller that can be removed.

Search for second hand bicycle stands.

- fixation for the generator

Steel tube 40x80mm

Instructions :

- find a bicycle stand.

It should fit your bicycle and it should hold the generator at a good tension to your wheel.

- find a metal joiner that can make a piece that can hold the generator.

Follow the plan if you happen to have the same bicycle generator. The two first horizontal holes are there for the axle where the old bicycle roller was fixed. The second vertical hole leaves place for the adjusting screw. This allows to adjust the tension of the bicycle wheel. The last four holes are there to hold the generator. Check this with the generator you have.


Étape 9 - Bicycle : human energy to mechanical energy

This etape is the conversion of the human energy to slow-rotating mechanical energy. We are using an ordinary bicycle to harvest the energy.

Material :

- ordinary bicycle

Your bike should have low-profile tires. When the profile is too important (see picture) there will be a large energy loss due to vibrations. You will also have more noise when pedaling.

The fixation of the axis should be not of the fast-release type. The fast-release-type with flat end (se picture) is often not compatible with the bike stands. You can easily change the axle with another (second hand) axle.


Étape 10 - Charging more than a computer

PS :

If you want to charge other batteries than that of your computer, you can make more electronics circuits. Repeat the steps until the step of conversion. You can than plug the converter you need to the PPP device.

Notes et références

Magnificent revolution http://www.magnificentrevolution.org/diy/single-bike-generator/

Vélo M² project www.velom2.be www.velom2.be

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