The prototype considers SDG 11's call by the United Nations. The project speaks to being self efficient in urban environments by enabling urban living with with the ability and ease of use and use of a 'smart vegetable garden. The idea is for the user to self sustain their families through the use of a compact hybrid hydroponic greenhouse structure which produces high yields, provides nutritious foods and reduces transportation of food produce.
The idea in the design was to come up with an energy efficient solution which will enable plants to grow in varied environments. The prototype is a controlled system linked to remote system, envisioned to be accessible via a smart phone application which also includes a community engagement platform.
We used 3 LED lights because we only had 9V batteries. This forced us to have an external power source that could cope with those power needs. To deal with 9V we decided to use a relay as a magnetic switch because the Arduino can only handle 5V and this is where the relay helped us. The Arduino code was written to play on a loop since we didn't have the required modules to communicate with the system.
The concept was created for the South African climate which has wonderful sunlight. The LED system is designed to be cost effective on resources and created as a back up where sunlight is not sufficient for plant growth.
This is a prototype illustration of the concept here is on a smaller scale. The dome design is capable of housing hydroponic vertical PVC piping 5ft tall.
Start off by drilling five holes that are 50mm apart. Drill holes that will be space for our cups, cut the cup space to your satisfaction because you must consider the depth of the pipe ensuring that water reaches the plant . SEAL both ends of the PVC pipe making sure that they are water proof sealing with silicon. Next Drill two more holes one at the bottom for the water inflow from the pump. Next drill a hole at the bottom of the cup where the water will seep out again in the bucket.
This is a PVC pipe that has been drilled with holes we were going to use disposable plastic cups but we found some plastic growing cups in the store room and we used those. for this demonstration we are using an ordinary aquarium pump and pipes for the water flow. The bucket is just a normal bucket.
The dome was made from 25mm PVC electrical wiring pipes. The dome was inspiration for the idea as we saw it at the Centre and realised its potential. the PVC pipes are held together with cable ties, glue and connectors.
The shading is normal garden shade and plastic sheeting can be placed over the structure to create more controlled environments. This will be when you have put the hydroponic system with lighting inside the dome we just wanted to illustrate the look for the final product of the dome.
The design is created to enable both a hydroponic system as well as vegetables that need to grow with soil. As the structure was designed to alleviate concerns with the rapid rate of urbanisation and expansion in years to come, the design was envisioned to be installed on cement or in a garden.
As you can see in the second illustration provided, plants can be placed in soil in containers in the centre and around the base of the structure surrounding the hydroponic systems.
In this step, the above steps were combined and the plants were placed into each tube with the roots left to dangle inside the PVC piping system. No soil is left around the plants and the roots are only supported by coconut husk.
The roots then feed off of plant nutrient water and without the soil, produce yields are at high rates and the oxygen flow is strong.
Once the plants are fitted into the piping, place the vertical gardens into the dome structure, the idea being, 1 / 2 vertical gardens for each triangle providing 8 / 16 hydroponic structures.
more efficient farming is needed with under 1% fresh water available globally
Lowers the consumers costs
More attainable for urban living
More efficient on water usage without soil