Marble Machine No 1 Motor Assembly Instructions

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Author avatarMike Abbotts | Last edit 29/05/2020 by MADMuseum

Introduction

Please note:

It is recommended that you apply varnish or sealer to the finished marble machine, especially if you live in areas with high humidity. Polyurethane varnish is a good choice.

If you manage to drop some of the balls on the floor (inevitable!) then DO NOT be tempted to pick them up with a magnet. This can cause the balls to become magnetised and they will then stick together which will impair the operation of the marble machine.

Before you start assembly it is a good idea to study the pictures in these instruction so you know how it goes together. You can dry assemble the lifter initially.

This kit contains small parts and is not suitable for small children

Video overview

Materials

Tools

Wood glue (PVA) and/or Cyanoacrylate (CA) glue

Clamps, clothes pegs, weights or rubber bands

Sandpaper

25-40w Soldering iron

Solder

Step 1 -

Step 2 - Camshaft Assembly

You will need the pieces highlighted in red in the pictures. First you must sand the pips off the cam wheels. Place them on the 3mm rods and use one of the 2mm rod to hold them aligned so you can sand them pips off in one go as pictured.

Step 3 - Camshaft Assembly

Layer the cams and spacers with the application of wood glue between each part. The rod should protrude 15 mm from both ends as shown. Use the supplied jigs and 2mm rods to ensure the cams are properly aligned on the 3mm axle. Use rubber bands to hold the assembly together while the glue sets and make sure the jigs is on a level surface.


Step 4 - Base Assembly

The parts can be glued together in one go and the parts held in place with rubber bands  The bottom should not be glued but can be used to hold parts aligned while the glue dries. The bottom is left loose for access to switch and batteries.

If you don't want the text to be visible, simply turn the part so it face inwards. When viewed from the front the holes for the motor mount (circled in red) should face left as shown in the picture below.


Step 5 - Frame Assembly 1

Use glue sparingly – you don't want a lot of glue to go inside the frame as this can interfere with the movement of the steps. Any excess glue can be wiped off with a damp rag.

  1. Glue the motor mount parts together and insert them into the tall upright. Insert them into to base to hold them aligned and glue them to the base at this point. Use the bottom of the base to check that the upright is square to the base.


Step 6 - Frame Assembly 2

Place 2 washers on each end of the camshaft and slide it in place between the frame ends. Before you glue the the right frame upright, fit in t place and see if the are any gaps between the washer and the uprights. if so go to the next step other move on to 'Track Supports'


Step 7 - Frame Assembly 3 'fixing the gaps'

If you have a gap on the camshaft use the spacers highlighted in the picture. Place as many of the spacers as you need after the washers but make sure the camshaft still turns easily


Step 8 - Frame Assembly 3

  1. Now glue the right, , front and rear frame pieces in place. The tabs/slot differ in size on the front and back frame pieces o you cannot attach them the wrong way round. Hold the frame pieces together with rubber bands while the glue sets.

Step 9 - Track Supports

Glue the top, front and bottom track supports to the frame.

IMPORTANT the two supports at the top angle downwards and the two at the bottom angle upwards (see pictures)

Step 10 - “Steps” Assembly 1

Each step consists of two parts. Apply wood glue sparingly and assemble the stack using the 2mm rods to ensure good alignment. Be careful you don't get glue on the surfaces that shouldn't be joined! you can leave a slight gap between each step to prevent this.



Step 11 - “Steps” Assembly 2

Clamp the parts or wrap with rubber bands and allow the glue to dry. One part is marked. This is so you can identify front from back when you sand the slope into the steps.


Once the steps are dry, sand the sides and chamfer the corners slightly. This prevents binding. You may also need to sand the faces that rub together to ensure they do not bind. Use a fine grade sandpaper. The smoother the steps are the better and it is recommended that you apply a light coat of varnish or MDF sealer and rub them down with fine sandpaper when dry. This makes the surfaces smoother.


Now it's time to tackle the top of the steps. These need to be at an angle so the balls easily roll from step to step. Wrap sandpaper around a dowel or pen 5-7mm in diameter and sand the top of the steps at approximately a 5-7 degree angle.


If you have a Dremel type tool with a small diameter sanding drum use that but be careful not to remove too much material from a step so it cannot reach above the next step up. Place the steps in the frame from time to time and check that they match up. When a lower step is in its top position it should still be a bit taller than the next step up so the ball will roll from step to step. If you accidentally sand off too much then a piece of scrap plywood can be glued to the bottom of the step and you can then proceed to sand the top until it aligns with the other steps.

Step 12 - “Steps” Assembly 3

Next place the steps into the frame making sure the angle on each step angles down away from the smaller previous step. if the steps are too loose in the frame glue a spacer step to one the steps, repeating as necessary to close the gap in the frame make sure the steps are loose enough to move up and down.

Step 13 - Track Assembly

Do not remove the tracks from the retaining sheet at this stage. They should be left in place until the track joiners are glued in place. However the piece between the tracks should be removed before the track spreaders are fitted. Use a sharp knife to cut the retaining tabs.


The track spreaders should be mounted on the opposite side of the side with the “O” engraved so put the “O” underneath when you glue the spreaders on. Double check orientation before assembling the track so you don't end up with a track the won't fit on the front of the lifter!


Remove the track spreaders from the sheet. Glue them to the tracks with wood glue. A fast way to do this is to put a good sized blob of glue on a scrap piece of paper and then dip the spreaders in the glue before mounting them in the cut outs in the track.

Step 14 - Attach track to the frame 1

The track should be glued to the frame in two stages. If you use CA glue you can simply hold the parts in place while the glue sets. If using wood glue you will need a scrap of MDF and some rubber bands to hold the track in place while the glue dries. Start by glueing the track to the lower track support and the side support. Once dry you can glue the track to the upper track support.


The track section with the tight bend should be attached to the tall upright so the wider bend attaches to the short upright. This keeps the balls rolling at the right speed so they neither stall nor fly off the track.

Step 15 - Attach track to the frame 2

When the track is glued in place, sand the tops of the uprights at an angle so the balls run smoothly off the steps and onto the steps.

Step 16 - Attach gears & motor

Place a washer on the protruding crankshaft. Fit the gear and doubler onto the shaft. A tiny drop of CA glue between the gear and doubler will suffice to keep the gear in place on the shaft.

Take care not to get glue into the bearing hole.


Push the gear-motor into the frame so it sits flush with the frame. Glue gear and doubler together and slide onto the motor axle.

Step 17 - Wiring

The circuit should be as per the picture below. Solder the leads to the switch but do not solder the leads onto the motor until it is mounted in the frame. The polarity does not matter – the machine works regardless of the motors rotation.


Use a 25-40W soldering iron with a small tip and flux cored electronics solder. Keep that big old iron used for plumbing far away from this kit. It will melt the motor backplate and ruin it.

Place the completed marble machine on a level surface, drop 6-8 balls on the track, hit the switch and set the machine in motion.

Step 18 - Fine Tuning

If the steps get stuck on a step or at the bottome of the track you may need to sand each part carefully to fix this. Be aware any blobs of glue/paint on the track or steps will affect the how the balls move.

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