Difference between revisions of "Drone aile à empennage double - version léger -"

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{{ {{tntn|Tuto Details}}
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{{Tuto Details
|SourceLanguage=none
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|Main_Picture=Drone_aile_à_empennage_double_-_version_léger_-_OIO_Wilbur_Light.jpg
|Language=fr
 
|IsTranslation=0
 
 
|Licences=Attribution (CC BY)
 
|Licences=Attribution (CC BY)
|Description=Construisez vous-même et simplement votre aile volante low-cost pensé pour la cartographie aérienne.
+
|Description="Ocean is Open" développe des solutions opensource et DIY pour les océans. Ce tutoriel décrit la fabrication d'un drone léger pour pouvoir réaliser de la cartographie aérienne et d'un poids visé de 760g.
 
|Area=Electronics, Play and Hobbies, Robotics, Science and Biology
 
|Area=Electronics, Play and Hobbies, Robotics, Science and Biology
|Type=Technique
+
|Type=Creation
|Difficulty=Medium
+
|Difficulty=Hard
|Duration=48
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|Duration=3
|Duration-type=hour(s)
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|Duration-type=day(s)
|Cost=130
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|Cost=150
 
|Currency=EUR (€)
 
|Currency=EUR (€)
 
|Tags=Drone, Aile, Cartographie,
 
|Tags=Drone, Aile, Cartographie,
 +
|SourceLanguage=none
 +
|Language=fr
 +
|IsTranslation=0
 
}}
 
}}
{{ {{tntn|Introduction}}
+
{{Introduction
 
|Introduction=
 
|Introduction=
 
}}
 
}}
{{ {{tntn|Materials}}
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{{Materials
|Material=
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|Material==== '''Aile et fuselage :''' ===
 +
* Plaque de Depron 6mm
 +
* Scotch armé
 +
* Baguette de carbone de 1m de long et 6mm de diamètre
 +
* Pistocolle
 +
 
 +
=== '''Electronique :''' ===
 +
*Moteur ____
 +
*ESC 30A avec BEC
 +
*Hélice
 +
*Batterie 2200mAh
 +
*Récepteur
 +
*Carte raspberry + pi cam
 +
*Carte Ardupilot
 +
*GPS
 +
*Télémétrie
 +
*
 
|Tools=
 
|Tools=
 +
|Tuto_Attachments={{Tuto Attachments
 +
|Attachment=Decoupe fuselage 220x700.pdf
 +
}}{{Tuto Attachments
 +
|Attachment=Decoupe aile 300x720.pdf
 +
}}{{Tuto Attachments
 +
|Attachment=Decoupe empennage 107x310.pdf
 +
}}{{Tuto Attachments
 +
|Attachment=Decoupe stabilisateur 127x127.pdf
 +
}}{{Tuto Attachments
 +
|Attachment=Schéma aile-fuselage-empennage.pptx
 +
}}{{Tuto Attachments
 +
|Attachment=Schéma boite RPi et support GPS.pptx
 +
}}{{Tuto Attachments
 +
|Attachment=Fichier Profil N-10.xlsx
 +
}}{{Tuto Attachments
 +
|Attachment=Fixation tige empennage.stl
 +
}}{{Tuto Attachments
 +
|Attachment=Fixation moteur.stl
 +
}}{{Tuto Attachments
 +
|Attachment=Guignol.stl
 +
}}{{Tuto Attachments
 +
|Attachment=Decoupe fuselage 220x700.pdf
 +
}}{{Tuto Attachments
 +
|Attachment=Decoupe aile 300x720.pdf
 +
}}{{Tuto Attachments
 +
|Attachment=Decoupe empennage 107x310.pdf
 +
}}{{Tuto Attachments
 +
|Attachment=Decoupe stabilisateur 127x127.pdf
 +
}}{{Tuto Attachments
 +
|Attachment=Schéma aile-fuselage-empennage.pptx
 +
}}{{Tuto Attachments
 +
|Attachment=Schéma boite RPi et support GPS.pptx
 +
}}{{Tuto Attachments
 +
|Attachment=Fichier Profil N-10.xlsx
 +
}}{{Tuto Attachments
 +
|Attachment=Fixation tige empennage.stl
 +
}}{{Tuto Attachments
 +
|Attachment=Fixation moteur.stl
 +
}}{{Tuto Attachments
 +
|Attachment=Guignol.stl
 +
}}
 +
}}
 +
{{Separator}}
 +
{{Tuto Step
 +
|Step_Title=Construction de l'aile
 +
|Step_Content==== Découpe du dépron épaisseur 6mm ===
 +
* _
 +
*
 +
 +
=== Renforts intérieurs de l'aile ===
 +
* Découpe et collage des  2 renforts intérieurs (cf plan 2D et photo)
 +
* Positionner les renforts avec la baguette de balsa (15*10) pour vérifier l'ajustement
 +
* Biseautage dans la partie A (intrados)  du bord de fuite qui sera au contact de la partie C (volets)
 +
* Coller les renforts sur la partie A.
 +
|Step_Picture_00=Drone_aile_à_empennage_double_-_version_léger_-_OIO_wilbur_borddefuite.jpg
 +
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 +
|Step_Picture_01=Drone_aile_à_empennage_double_-_version_léger_-_OIO_renforts_collage.jpg
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|Step_Picture_01_annotation={"objects":[{"type":"textbox","originX":"center","originY":"center","left":150.74,"top":167.45,"width":182.74,"height":22.6,"fill":"red","stroke":"red","strokeWidth":1,"strokeDashArray":null,"strokeLineCap":"butt","strokeLineJoin":"miter","strokeMiterLimit":10,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"angle":359.39,"flipX":false,"flipY":false,"opacity":1,"shadow":null,"visible":true,"clipTo":null,"backgroundColor":"","fillRule":"nonzero","globalCompositeOperation":"source-over","transformMatrix":null,"skewX":0,"skewY":0,"text":"Renforts Intérieurs","fontSize":20,"fontWeight":"normal","fontFamily":"sans-serif","fontStyle":"","lineHeight":1.16,"textDecoration":"","textAlign":"left","textBackgroundColor":"","charSpacing":0,"minWidth":20,"styles":{"0":{"1":{},"2":{},"3":{},"4":{},"5":{},"6":{},"7":{},"8":{},"9":{},"10":{},"11":{},"12":{},"13":{},"14":{},"15":{},"16":{},"17":{},"18":{},"19":{} } } },{"type":"wfarrow","originX":"center","originY":"center","left":289.95,"top":211.26,"width":10,"height":90,"fill":"rgba(255,0,0,0)","stroke":"red","strokeWidth":2.31,"strokeDashArray":null,"strokeLineCap":"butt","strokeLineJoin":"miter","strokeMiterLimit":10,"scaleX":1.3,"scaleY":1.3,"angle":-62.22,"flipX":false,"flipY":false,"opacity":1,"shadow":null,"visible":true,"clipTo":null,"backgroundColor":"","fillRule":"nonzero","globalCompositeOperation":"source-over","transformMatrix":null,"skewX":0,"skewY":0,"points":[{"x":10,"y":10},{"x":10,"y":100},{"x":5,"y":90},{"x":10,"y":100},{"x":15,"y":90}]}],"height":"449","width":"600"}
 +
|Step_Picture_02=Drone_aile_à_empennage_double_-_version_léger_-_OIO_renforts_tests.jpg
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|Step_Picture_02_annotation={"objects":[{"type":"textbox","originX":"center","originY":"center","left":363.17,"top":186,"width":287.77,"height":22.6,"fill":"red","stroke":"red","strokeWidth":1,"strokeDashArray":null,"strokeLineCap":"butt","strokeLineJoin":"miter","strokeMiterLimit":10,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"angle":36.34,"flipX":false,"flipY":false,"opacity":1,"shadow":null,"visible":true,"clipTo":null,"backgroundColor":"","fillRule":"nonzero","globalCompositeOperation":"source-over","transformMatrix":null,"skewX":0,"skewY":0,"text":"Postionnement des renforts","fontSize":20,"fontWeight":"normal","fontFamily":"sans-serif","fontStyle":"","lineHeight":1.16,"textDecoration":"","textAlign":"left","textBackgroundColor":"","charSpacing":0,"minWidth":20,"styles":{"0":{"1":{},"2":{},"3":{},"4":{},"5":{},"6":{},"7":{},"8":{},"9":{},"10":{},"11":{},"12":{},"13":{},"14":{},"15":{},"16":{},"17":{},"18":{},"19":{},"20":{},"21":{},"22":{},"23":{},"24":{},"25":{},"26":{} } } }],"height":"449","width":"600"}
 +
}}
 +
{{Tuto Step
 +
|Step_Title=Pliage de l'aile et préparation des volets
 +
|Step_Content==== Pliage ===
 +
* Se munir de 2 grandes règles pour le pliage (ici plaque de CP et baguette)
 +
* Marquer le pli du bord d'attaque (passer 2 fois) avec un embout arrondi
 +
* Bloquer la partie A avec une règle et des serres joints
 +
* Ramener doucement la partie B avec l'autre règle le long du pli du bord d'attaque en 2 temps. 1er temps à 90°, on relache. 2ème temps jusq'au niveau des renforts et on relache. Cela permet de garder l'intrados plat, conforme au profil souhaité (ici N-10).
 +
* Avant de 
 +
 +
=== Volets ===
 +
|Step_Picture_00=Drone_aile_à_empennage_double_-_version_léger_-_OIO_marquage_attaque.jpg
 +
|Step_Picture_00_annotation={"objects":[{"type":"textbox","originX":"center","originY":"center","left":89.74,"top":394,"width":131.53,"height":48.82,"fill":"red","stroke":"red","strokeWidth":1,"strokeDashArray":null,"strokeLineCap":"butt","strokeLineJoin":"miter","strokeMiterLimit":10,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"angle":0,"flipX":false,"flipY":false,"opacity":1,"shadow":null,"visible":true,"clipTo":null,"backgroundColor":"","fillRule":"nonzero","globalCompositeOperation":"source-over","transformMatrix":null,"skewX":0,"skewY":0,"text":"Marquage du bord d'attaque","fontSize":20,"fontWeight":"normal","fontFamily":"sans-serif","fontStyle":"","lineHeight":1.16,"textDecoration":"","textAlign":"left","textBackgroundColor":"","charSpacing":0,"minWidth":20,"styles":{"0":{"1":{},"2":{},"3":{},"4":{},"5":{},"6":{},"7":{},"8":{},"9":{},"10":{},"11":{},"12":{},"13":{},"14":{},"15":{},"16":{},"17":{},"18":{},"19":{},"20":{},"21":{},"22":{},"23":{},"24":{},"25":{} },"1":{"0":{} } } }],"height":"800","width":"600"}
 +
|Step_Picture_01=Drone_aile_à_empennage_double_-_version_léger_-_OIO_Pliage1.jpg
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 +
|Step_Picture_02=Drone_aile_à_empennage_double_-_version_léger_-_OIO_pliage_Final.jpg
 +
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 +
|Step_Picture_03=Drone_aile_à_empennage_double_-_version_léger_-_OIO_collage_final_aile.jpg
 +
|Step_Picture_03_annotation={"objects":[{"type":"textbox","originX":"center","originY":"center","left":174.29,"top":120,"width":193.55,"height":48.82,"fill":"red","stroke":"red","strokeWidth":1,"strokeDashArray":null,"strokeLineCap":"butt","strokeLineJoin":"miter","strokeMiterLimit":10,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"angle":0,"flipX":false,"flipY":false,"opacity":1,"shadow":null,"visible":true,"clipTo":null,"backgroundColor":"","fillRule":"nonzero","globalCompositeOperation":"source-over","transformMatrix":null,"skewX":0,"skewY":0,"text":"Collage de l'extrados sur les renforts","fontSize":20,"fontWeight":"normal","fontFamily":"sans-serif","fontStyle":"","lineHeight":1.16,"textDecoration":"","textAlign":"left","textBackgroundColor":"","charSpacing":0,"minWidth":20,"styles":{"0":{"8":{},"9":{},"10":{},"11":{},"12":{},"13":{},"14":{},"15":{},"16":{},"17":{},"18":{},"19":{},"20":{},"21":{},"22":{},"23":{},"24":{},"25":{},"26":{},"27":{},"28":{},"29":{},"30":{},"31":{},"32":{},"33":{},"34":{},"35":{},"36":{},"37":{} } } }],"height":"449","width":"600"}
 +
|Step_Picture_04=Drone_aile_à_empennage_double_-_version_léger_-_37021328_2076635375743244_8909525805734821888_n.jpg
 +
}}
 +
{{Tuto Step
 +
|Step_Title=Finitions de l'aile
 +
|Step_Content==== Intégration des servomoteurs ===
 +
 +
=== Intégration des tiges de l'empennage ===
 +
}}
 +
{{Tuto Step
 +
|Step_Title=Construction de l'empennage
 +
|Step_Content=
 +
}}
 +
{{Tuto Step
 +
|Step_Title=Construction du fuselage
 +
|Step_Content=
 +
}}
 +
{{Tuto Step
 +
|Step_Title=Montage électronique simplifié
 +
|Step_Content=* Brancher l'ESC à la batterie
 +
* Brancher l'entrée de commande de l'ESC à la sortie 3 du récepteur.
 +
* Brancher l'ESC au moteur
 +
*  Brancher deux servo-moteur, un sur la sortie 1 et l'autre sur la sortie 2 du récepteur.
 +
*
 +
}}
 +
{{Tuto Step
 +
|Step_Title=Montage électronique complet
 +
|Step_Content=
 +
}}
 +
{{Tuto Step
 +
|Step_Title=Équilibrage du drone
 +
|Step_Content=
 +
}}
 +
{{Tuto Step
 +
|Step_Title=Avant de voler
 +
|Step_Content=* Si vous êtes novices en gestion de batterie LiPo, [https://www.notion.so/wikiexplore/Wilbur-Tuto-de-charge-des-batteries-LiPo-85618464b616475aa97e83509fe99f22 lisez bien ce tuto ...] Ça vous évitera d'en racheter trop souvent :)
 +
* Faites des lancer sans le moteur allumé pour bien tester l'équilibrage du drone
 
}}
 
}}
{{ {{tntn|Separator}}}}
+
{{Tuto Step
{{ {{tntn|Tuto Step}}
 
 
|Step_Title=
 
|Step_Title=
 
|Step_Content=
 
|Step_Content=
 
}}
 
}}
{{ {{tntn|Notes}}
+
{{Notes
 
|Notes=
 
|Notes=
 
}}
 
}}
{{ {{tntn|Tuto Status}}
+
{{Tuto Status
 
|Complete=Draft
 
|Complete=Draft
 
}}
 
}}

Latest revision as of 11:31, 9 December 2019

Author avatarOcean is Open | Last edit 9/12/2019 by Clementflipo

Drone aile à empennage double - version léger - OIO Wilbur Light.jpg
"Ocean is Open" développe des solutions opensource et DIY pour les océans. Ce tutoriel décrit la fabrication d'un drone léger pour pouvoir réaliser de la cartographie aérienne et d'un poids visé de 760g.

Step 1 - Construction de l'aile

Découpe du dépron épaisseur 6mm

  • _

Renforts intérieurs de l'aile

  • Découpe et collage des 2 renforts intérieurs (cf plan 2D et photo)
  • Positionner les renforts avec la baguette de balsa (15*10) pour vérifier l'ajustement
  • Biseautage dans la partie A (intrados) du bord de fuite qui sera au contact de la partie C (volets)
  • Coller les renforts sur la partie A.


Step 2 - Pliage de l'aile et préparation des volets

Pliage

  • Se munir de 2 grandes règles pour le pliage (ici plaque de CP et baguette)
  • Marquer le pli du bord d'attaque (passer 2 fois) avec un embout arrondi
  • Bloquer la partie A avec une règle et des serres joints
  • Ramener doucement la partie B avec l'autre règle le long du pli du bord d'attaque en 2 temps. 1er temps à 90°, on relache. 2ème temps jusq'au niveau des renforts et on relache. Cela permet de garder l'intrados plat, conforme au profil souhaité (ici N-10).
  • Avant de 

Volets

Step 3 - Finitions de l'aile

Intégration des servomoteurs

Intégration des tiges de l'empennage

Step 4 - Construction de l'empennage

Step 5 - Construction du fuselage

Step 6 - Montage électronique simplifié

  • Brancher l'ESC à la batterie
  • Brancher l'entrée de commande de l'ESC à la sortie 3 du récepteur.
  • Brancher l'ESC au moteur
  •  Brancher deux servo-moteur, un sur la sortie 1 et l'autre sur la sortie 2 du récepteur.

Step 7 - Montage électronique complet

Step 8 - Équilibrage du drone

Step 9 - Avant de voler

  • Si vous êtes novices en gestion de batterie LiPo, lisez bien ce tuto ... Ça vous évitera d'en racheter trop souvent :)
  • Faites des lancer sans le moteur allumé pour bien tester l'équilibrage du drone

Step 10 -

Comments

Draft